Butterflies belong to the Order Lepidoptera, which is Latin for “scaly wings”.
Moths also belong to the Order Lepidoptera and are quite often mistaken for butterflies. Many of their caterpillars can be found on garden plants. These caterpillars are also part of the garden’s biodiversity and provide food for visiting birds. The presence of a wide diversity of moths indicates that a healthy ecosystem in the garden is being maintained. The indiscriminate use of pesticides is a major cause of the decline of biodiversity in the urban environment, and will affect butterflies just as much as moths.
Some of the main differences between moths and butterflies are: